Veteran Employment Preference
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Veteran Preference

When seeking employment you may be eligible for Veteran Preference in the hiring process.  However, there are two distinct categories of Veteran Preference; Federal and State.  Private businesses are not required by law to provide this preference, but may do so if they choose.
(Pertains to employment with the Federal government.)

Veterans' Preference gives eligible veterans preference in appointment over many other applicants. Veterans' preference applies, to virtually all new appointments in both the competitive and excepted service. Veterans' preference does not guarantee veterans a job and it does not apply to internal agency actions such as promotions, transfers, reassignments and reinstatements.

Veterans' preference can be confusing.  The law we follow in Federal civilian employment can be found in title 5, US Code, Section 2108.  Not all veterans are considered veterans for the purpose of Federal civilian employment, and not all active duty service is qualifying for veterans' preference.

Only veterans discharged or released from active duty in the armed forces under honorable conditions are eligible for veterans' preference. This means you must have been discharged under an honorable or general discharge.

If you are a "retired member of the armed forces" you are not included in the definition of preference eligible unless you are a disabled veteran OR you retired below the rank of major or its equivalent.

There are basically two types of preference eligibles, disabled (10 point preference eligible) and non-disabled (5 point preference eligibles).

For more information on Veteran Preference in Federal Employment  go to DOL/VETS Veteran's Preference Information
Marine saluting the flag,

State of Iowa
(Pertains to employment with the State of Iowa , all public works, counties, cities and schools.) 

In all examinations and appointments under this chapter, other than promotions and appointments of chief of the police department and chief of the fire department, veterans who are citizens and residents of the United States, shall have five percentage points added to the veteran's grade or score attained in qualifying examinations for appointment to positions and five additional percentage points added to the grade or score if the veteran has a service-connected disability or is receiving compensation, disability benefits, or pension under laws administered by the United States department of veterans affairs. An honorably discharged veteran who has been awarded the Purple Heart incurred in action shall be considered to have a service-connected disability. However, the percentage points shall be given only upon passing the exam and shall not be the determining factor in passing. Veteran s preference percentage points shall be applied once to the final scores used to rank applicants for selection for an interview. For purposes of this section, veteran means as defined in section 35.1 except that the requirement that the person be a resident of this state shall not apply. 

For more information on Iowa Veterans' Preference go to Chapter 35C Veterans Preference.

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