When seeking employment you may be eligible for Veteran
Preference in the hiring process.
However, there are two distinct categories of Veteran
Preference; Federal and State. Private businesses are
not required by law to provide this preference, but may do
so if they choose.
(Pertains to employment with the Federal
Veterans' Preference gives eligible veterans
preference in appointment over many other applicants.
Veterans' preference applies, to virtually all new
appointments in both the competitive and excepted service.
Veterans' preference does not guarantee veterans a job and
it does not apply to internal agency actions such as
promotions, transfers, reassignments and reinstatements.
Veterans' preference can be confusing. The law we
follow in Federal civilian employment can be found in title
5, US Code, Section 2108. Not all veterans are
considered veterans for the purpose of Federal civilian
employment, and not all active duty service is qualifying
for veterans' preference.
Only veterans discharged or released
from active duty in the armed forces under honorable
conditions are eligible for veterans' preference. This means
you must have been discharged under an honorable or general
If you are a "retired member of the armed forces" you are
not included in the definition of preference eligible unless
you are a disabled veteran OR you retired below the rank of
major or its equivalent.
There are basically two types of preference eligibles,
disabled (10 point preference eligible) and non-disabled (5
point preference eligibles).
For more information on Veteran
Preference in Federal Employment go to DOL/VETS
Veteran's Preference Information.
State of Iowa
(Pertains to employment with the State of Iowa , all
public works, counties, cities and schools.)
In all examinations and appointments under this chapter,
other than promotions and appointments of chief of the
police department and chief of the fire department,
veterans who are citizens and residents of the United
States, shall have five percentage points added to the
veteran's grade or score attained in qualifying
examinations for appointment to positions and five
additional percentage points added to the grade or score
if the veteran has a service-connected disability or is
receiving compensation, disability benefits, or pension
under laws administered by the United States department
of veterans affairs. An honorably discharged veteran who
has been awarded the Purple Heart incurred in action
shall be considered to have a service-connected
disability. However, the percentage points shall be
given only upon passing the exam and shall not be the
determining factor in passing. Veteran s preference
percentage points shall be applied once to the final
scores used to rank applicants for selection for an
interview. For purposes of this section, veteran
means as defined in section 35.1 except that the
requirement that the person be a resident of this state
shall not apply.
For more information on Iowa Veterans' Preference go to
Chapter 35C Veterans Preference.